We purchased our first Maremma in the summer of 2019 after starting to lose our free range chickens to a persistent fox family and hawks. Unfortunately, our first Maremma ended up being diagnosed at 1 year old with moderate hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis. This fostered a desire to breed better livestock guardians that were not crippled in pain or reliant on pain relievers for the duration of their lives.
Our original Maremma, Marco, was neutered, and we have since added two structurally sound and registered Maremmas: Dam Eureka Sammie June and Sire Benson Ranch Giovane (pronounced Jo-va-nay). With our three Maremmas out patrolling 24/7, we have yet to lose another chicken to predators. They also keep our potbellied pigs, goats, and barn cats safe. Our neighbors frequently post on Nextdoor about foxes and coyotes out and about, taking small pets, but we haven't seen a single one on our property in the 3 years of owning our wonderful Maremmas!
We chose the Maremma as we wanted a breed of livestock guardian (LGD) that gave ample warning barks before engaging with a predator. Some breeds of LGD are quicker to take down an intruder. Waiting to bite is important to us as we have neighbors that frequently walk past our property, and kids that stick their hands through our fencing. We wanted our LGD to tell these individuals to back up, but not full on attack unless the person(s) actually come on our property without permission. If the person does not heed the warning, our Maremmas corner the individual on the property and force the individual to retreat through intimidation. Biting is the absolute last resort for this breed.
The same goes for non-human predators. The Maremma makes their presence known through barking as a deterrent for animals to stay away from the property. As the sun sets every night, our Maremmas engage in about 5 minutes of barking as a reminder to stay away. While all LGDs will bark as a warning, some breeds will wait until they can see the predator or their stock is actually threatened. Our Maremmas start barking when they smell or hear something miles away. They always have their noses pointed up sniffing the air. They have done such a good job with deterrence that no predators have stepped foot on our property in 3 years. This allows us to live in harmony with nature instead of having dogs that collect a pile of bones every night.
While this last point is debatable, anecdotally Maremmas stay close to their stock and are less prone to wander. We have definitely found this to be true as our 3 Maremmas are always laying with the stock, rarely leave their side, and do not show any desire to escape from our property. Will a Maremma still wander if your fence falls down or your gate is left open? Most definitely. However, our experience is they do not have that innate urge to try to widen their territory when proper boundaries are in place. This is our personal experience and the experience of other Maremma breeders we have talked to, not a 100% truth. There will always be individual differences within a litter, and a chance your Maremma will love to wander should you give them the opportunity.
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